The most complete bicycle chain maintenance manual

The most complete bicycle chain maintenance manual


The chain is the most wearable and most smudged in bicycle riding. It is also the most entangled and headache part of the rider. It is completely exposed during the riding process. It is directly affected by the environment when riding in various environments. If the chain is not well maintained, it will not only affect the life of the chain, the crankset and the transmission, but also the feeling of riding will be affected because the chain is not smooth enough. Therefore, the maintenance of the chain is extremely critical in daily maintenance.

For the maintenance of the chain, it depends mostly on the environment and conditions when you ride. Riding in wet and muddy environments is more frequent than on dry and asphalted roads.

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Here is a description of the time and proper use of the bicycle chain maintenance.

When should the chain be maintained?

1. The shifting performance is reduced during riding.

2. There is too much dust or sludge on the chain.

3. Noise is generated when the transmission system is running.

4. Due to the dryness of the chain, the creaking sound is heard when the car is braked.

5. Place it for a long time after the rain.

6. When driving on general roads, maintenance is required at least every two weeks or every 200 kilometers.

7. On off-road conditions, clean and maintain at least every 100 kilometers. Even if you ride in a more hostile environment, you need to clean and maintain every time you ride.

How to clean the chain Required equipment Maintenance rack, cleaning agent, old newspaper, dry rag, lubricating oil, old toothbrush, syringe, chain washer, oil pen.

Cleaning step


Step 1: Lay a newspaper or rag on the work floor to receive excess cleaning fluid that may have dripped from the chain during the cleaning process.

Step 2: Place the bicycle on the maintenance rack, change the crankset to the middle or small disc, and change the flywheel to the middle gear. Adjust the bicycle so that the lower layer of the chain is as parallel as possible to the ground.

Step 3: Use a brush or rag to wipe off some mud, dirt and dirt from the chain.

Step 4: Load the cleaning solution into the washer.

Step 5: Place the chain washer on the bottom of the lower chain, in the middle of the crankset and flywheel, and assemble the chain washer.

Step 6: Grasp the handle and slowly turn the crank counterclockwise. After a few turns, the chain is cleaned. If necessary, load a new cleaning solution and continue cleaning until the chain is clean.

The left hand handles the handle, the right hand turns the crank, and both hands must exert force to reach a balance, and the chain can smoothly rotate. It may not be easy to grasp the force at the beginning, it will not pull, or pull the chain away from the tooth plate, it will be fine. You can turn a few more turns during cleaning and try to clean the gap.


Step 7: Use a rag to wipe off all the cleaning solution from the chain and wipe it as dry as possible. Perform front and rear shifting, and then wipe off the cleaning liquid left in the sprocket wheel, flywheel, etc.


After rubbing, put it in the sun to dry or air dry, and then dry the chain thoroughly before oiling.

Step 8: Immediately wipe off the scattered contaminants and dispose of the cleaning solution and the dirty rag. After the end, rinse the chain washer with water and then air dry.


Oiling on the chain Oiling should be carried out as soon as possible after washing and drying. Lubricants use a special chain of oil, Wolf's is cheaper. Conditional chain oil (dry, wet, etc.) can be used, the effect is better, of course, the price is more expensive.


Step 1: Every piece of metal that makes up the chain must be contaminated with oil. When oiling, drop oil on both sides of the chain pin of the chain (this is where the chain really needs lubrication). If the chain has 108 axle pins, drop 216 oil. When using Wolf's oil, turn the oil bottle upside down and the oil will drip. The disadvantage is that the oil quantity is not well controlled. If it is not too troublesome, you can use a syringe, the effect is better.


Since there are many places to refuel, you can first mark the chain with an oil-based pen, then start the oil from the mark, and then the mark is used to indicate that it is finished.


Step 2: After finishing, leave for a few minutes and let the oil soak the entire chain.


Step 3: The oil left on the chain will only stick to the ash. Wrap the chain with a dry rag, turn the crank, and wipe off the excess oil


Step 4: If there is more oil on the tooth plate and the flywheel, perform front and rear shifting, change the chain away from the original tooth plate and flywheel, and wipe the oil on the tooth plate and flywheel with a rag. These oils have no other effect than sticky ash.

Step 5: After each general ride, use a rag to keep it clean and then clean it after a while.

When riding in muddy places, the oil on the chain will quickly disappear. At this point, the chain is very worn and the sound is very large, so it needs to be replenished in time.


Writern By: Alisa

29/07/2019